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PROTOCOL FOR CITRUS TREES

I. INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE

A. APPLICATION IN NURSERY:
Mix BioVam into propagation beds at a rate of 2 pounds per 1,000 sq. ft. Mix into planting media at the rate of 8 pounds (1 gallon) of BioVam to one cubic yard of planting medium.  BioVam can also be applied as a top dressing in container stock.  A salt or sugar shaker may be useful for achieving an even distribution. Use 1 teaspoon per container and water it in immediately.

Caution: If you pasteurize your soils, keep in mind that temperatures above 110 F (45 C) may be lethal to the Mycorrhiza in BioVam.

B. INOCULATIONS IN THE FIELD FOR NEW PLANTINGS OR TRANSPLANTING:
A minimum of 1 tablespoon of BioVam per plant is recommended. Place BioVam in the planting hole directly under roots, ensuring that physical contact between BioVam and roots is established. There is leeway in this requirement of about an inch.

Do not use pre-plant fertilizers or fertilizers in the hole at time of planting. Added chemical or organic fertilizers may impair the symbiosis and cause unnecessary delays in development. We recommend the use of well-composted materials added to the fill soil, but not to exceed 10% by volume.  Materials high in fulvic and humic acids are the most advantageous to successful union of BioVam and root.

C. APPLICATION TO ESTABLISHED PLANTINGS:
We recommend that 1/2 teaspoon of BioVam be applied into holes poked 8 inches into the soil every 6 inches around the drip line of the trees. (i.e., within the area of the root zone or rhizosphere).  Supplemental post-planting applications of BioVam can be achieved by means shanking, digging in around roots, or BioVam-treated cover crops that can vector BioVam to the roots of the established plantings. We recommend supplemental applications of BioVam to established orchards at five year intervals or when cultural conditions dictate.

D. FREQUENCY OF USE OF BIOVAM
Regular and frequent addition of BioVam is more important in clayey soils than sandy, porous soils. Soil around the plant bases should also be top dressed with composted materials rich in bio-control agents.

E. FERTILIZERS:
Two applications of Biosol Forte 7-2-1 or equivalent organic fertilizer should be adequate for the first three years of sapling development. The fertilizer should be applied via a drip system or at the base of a sapling at a rate of 1/2 lb. per fertilization in the first year. The following year fertilization should be increased to one pound per tree and then increased steadily to five pounds per tree by the fifth year. Beware of phosphates as they can turn off the action of BioVam. The percentage of phosphorus in any fertilizer you use should not exceed two (2) on the NPK label. If a higher level of phosphorus occurs then increase dilution so as to reduce the amount of phosphorus reaching the roots. Consult List of Chemicals Approved for Use with BioVam on the Nutrient Levels and Precautions document.
Caution: Do not use pre-plant fertilizer or fertilizers in the hole at time of planting. Added chemical or organic fertilizers will impair the BioVam's ability to establish itself in the root of the plant and delay or destroy the beneficial effects of BioVam on the plant.

F. FREQUENCY OF USE OF FERTILIZER:
One application of Biosol or another organic fertilizer equivalent to NPK 6-1-3 should be adequate for the two three years of sapling development. A dose of 1/2 lb. of the fertilizer may be applied as a top dressing at the base of the plant. Third and subsequent fertilizing applications should be increased to one pound per plant each year.  Refer also to List of Approved Chemicals for Use with BioVam in the  Nutrient Levels and Precautions document.

G. MISCELLANY:
All recommendations about dosage represent a minimum amount. Increased dosages will add to speed and effectiveness of BioVams work on the roots of your plants. We recommend early top-dressing of soil around the base of the sapling with well-composted materials to promote the growth of useful bacteria, fungi, and other bio-control agents.  Insect control should be achieved by using effective integrated pest control measures (IPM) whenever possible.

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