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PROTOCOL FOR FLOWERS

INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE.
A.   APPLICATION IN NURSERY:
Mix BioVam in to bedding soils at a rate of 10 pounds (1 gal) per cubic yard.  If plants are grown in individual liners or pots, each plant should receive approximately 1 teaspoon.  BioVam can also be applied as a top dressing in container stock. Use 2 teaspoons per container and water it in immediately.

Caution: If you pasteurize your soils, keep in mind that temperatures above 110 F (45 C) may be lethal to the Mycorrhiza contained in BioVam.

B. APPLICATION IN THE FIELD FOR NEW PLANTINGS OR TRANSPLANTING:
A minimum of 1 teaspoon of BioVam per plant is recommended when transplanting uninoculated plants. Place BioVam directly onto moistened roots or in the planting hole under rooted or unrooted cutting, ensuring that physical contact between BioVam and roots or callused end of cutting is established. There is leeway in this requirement of about an inch.  For seed drilling or banding the application rate is 10 lbs., per acre.

C. FERTILIZERS:
We recommend the use of well-composted materials added to the fill soil, but not to exceed 10% by volume. Materials high in fulvic and humic acids are the most advantageous to successful union of BioVam and root. Beware of phosphates as they can turn off the action of BioVam. The percentage of phosphorus in any fertilizer you use should not exceed two (2) on the NPK label.

Caution:  Added chemical or organic fertilizers may impair the BioVam's ability to establish itself in the root of the plant and delay or destroy the beneficial effects of BioVam on the plant.

D.   FREQUENCY OF USE OF FERTILIZER:
Two applications of Biosol or another organic fertilizer equivalent to NPK 7-2-1 should be adequate for the crop production cycle. The fertilizer should be applied at a rate of 300 lbs. Per acre. Alternatively, the fertilizer may also be applied to individual plants in pots or liners at 4 teaspoons each.  Fish and seaweed based products are recommended as long as the injunction about phosphates is observed.

E.   MISCELLANY:
All recommendations about BioVam dosage represent a minimum amount.  Increased dosages will add to speed and effectiveness of BioVam's working on the roots of your plants.

Sulfur treatments should be minimized or replaced by mildew-fighting bacteria.

Insect control should be achieved by using effective integrated pest control measures (IPM) whenever possible.

Streptomyces soil bacteria, Tricaderma fungi and other bio-control agents can and should be injected through the irrigation system. Refer to the Nutrient Levels and Precautions Document chemicals and fungicides that are compatible with BioVam.

Biological remedies work best as precautionary, preventive treatments. They promote strong immune systems and health fostering balances of nutrients and bio-dynamically stable societies of soil borne organisms. The leverage point for health and survival of plants is at the interface of soil and root cell. This is the front-line for the plant. Flooding the roots with beneficial microbes before and at planting time, has a long term advantage that may not be immediately evident.

List of Chemicals Approved for Use with BioVam

Fungicides Bravo, Difolatan, Easout, Ridomil, Subdue, Rorral, Terachlor, Thiram, Vitavax, Fuberdzole, Carbendazim, Thiophanate methyl, Arsan and Carbanate-Ferban/Fermate.
Pesticides All except soil fumigants and systemic varieties, unless used for soil drench.
Herbicides All unless sprayed directly onto host plants.
Chemical Fertilizers Nutrient levels should be below the following recommendations made by the University of California.  In any event, we recommend the use of organic fertilizers whenever possible. Crude rock phosphates or unprocessed phosphate-laden clays are more desirable than super phosphates.
 
We recommend the following as good complements to BioVam: Ammonia Nitrate 34-0-0, Use 1/4 recommended rate Potassium Nitrate 13-0-46, Use 1/2 recommended rate Calcium Nitrate 15 1/2-0-0, Use 1/2 recommended rate Urea 45-0-0. Use 1/4 recommended rate

These recommendations are minimums, Crop and soil type will affect optimum dose. Increase gradually if necessary.
 

Nitrogen 50 PPM approx 95 lbs/acre (105 kgs/ha).
Phosphorus 34 PPM approx 64 lbs/acre (71 kgs/ha).
Manganese 27 PPM approx 50 lbs/acre (55 kgs/ha).
Zinc 12 PPM approx 23 lbs/acre (25 kgs/ha).

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