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Exhibit of Necrotic Ring Spot pictures

Using BioVam® Mycorrhiza

Five easy steps to restoring your lawns natural beauty.
This process of applying BioVam® and overseeding to turf damaged by necrotic ring spot is part of the total integrated lawn care program of "BioVam® Grown" lawns.

Items you will need:
BioVam® Mycorrhiza.
*An appropriate Fertilizer.
Grass seed & Peat Moss.

As part of our "BioVam® Grown" turf management program, BioVam® Mycorrhiza combined with over seeding and an appropriate turf fertilizer* can restore damaged areas of turf caused by Necrotic Ring spots. This is an environmentally friendly solution for restoring and sustaining your lawns' vitality. BioVam® works with sprouting grass seed and strengthens new growth in turf areas damaged by Necrotic Ring.
We recommend the entire lawn be core aerated and treated with BioVam® Mycorrhiza and appropriate* organic Fertilizer, so you don’t end up chasing Necrotic Rings around the turf as they progress to more accommodating soil conditions. Being a fungus, Necrotic Ring can easily spread to uninfected areas.
Site preparation:
How to prepare the turf grass in the vicinity of the Necrotic Ring before the BioVam®, grass seed, and an appropriate turf fertilizer* is applied.
Step 1: Use a rake to take up any moss, or any material that is not part of the turf grass in the area. Get down into the dirt with the rake. If weeds are present, pull them out. Rake an area over the entire ring to about one-foot out from the outer edge of the Necrotic Ring. Keep the material off other areas of your turf grass by raking it to the center of the Ring. Bag up the material and properly dispose of it. Use your rake to fluff up the exposed dirt in the ring.
Step 2: Pepper 2 to 4 inch deep holes in and through the area from one foot outside of the outer edge of the Necrotic Ring all through the Ring - a pitchfork can be used for this purpose.  Wash your tools with bleach water so you are not spreading the Necrotic Ring fungi around your property or to other people's property.

Step 3: Evenly apply a quarter cup of BioVam® to each Necrotic Ring up to 2 feet in diameter. Evenly sprinkle the BioVam® over the entire area from one foot outside the outer edge of the Ring. A drop spreader set on low numbers, like one or two works great in achieving this evenly. You can mix the BioVam® with an equal amount of seed for easier application.

One cup of BioVam can be mixed with Ľ pound of grass seed to cover 10’ x 10’ areas.

Mix 1 pound of grass seed per quart of BioVam and apply the BioVam and grass seed mixture to a 20’ x 20’ area (400 square feet). Use a seed that matches your existing turf. Use a rake to lightly work the grass seed into the soil. When it germinates, the BioVam® will help build up the roots and the grass will overgrow the entire area.

Step 4: Spread a 1/8 to 1/4-inch layer of fine peat moss over the seed to help keep the seed and ground moist.
Step 5: Apply an appropriate fertilizer* over the top of the peat moss. Water the area well to soak (not flood) the BioVam® into the soil around crown roots and into the aeration holes to the deeper grass roots. Keep the treated area moist until the seed germinates and is well established. Do not allow the area to dry out! A fan nozzle works well for watering small areas like this.
* Appropriate types of Fertilizers: Note: Use of BioVam® Mycorrhiza requires that turf fertilizers not accede a phosphorus percentage greater than 2% by weight. Higher levels of phosphorus are detrimental to the beneficial Mycorrhiza fungi. Examples of appropriate fertilizers: *Biosol Forte 7-2-1, *Ringers All Natural 10-2-6, *Milorganite 6-2-0, *Cottonseed Meal 6-2-1.
Annual Maintenance:
Treating your whole turf with BioVam® Mycorrhiza will greatly lessen the chance of additional Necrotic Ring damage in you lawn. BioVam’s® Mycorrhiza sustains the vitality and vigor of turf grass root systems. As this process takes effect you are empowering your new and old grass with greater competitive dominance.
We recommend you start treating your whole lawn with a normal application of BioVam® Mycorrhiza (one quart per 2,000 square feet) and an appropriate fertilizer* yearly, starting at the same time you treat your Necrotic Ring(s).
Annual application of BioVam® and organic fertilizers produces great looking "BioVam® Grown" lawns.
The Bioorganic Process

The BioVam Mycorrhiza will establish a symbiotic relationship with the existing turf grass roots and with the sprouting grass seed. As this process increases, the Mycorrhiza hyphe is also growing and moving through the soil, breaking down organics, softening and aerating the soil as it moves. New and established grass roots will follow this process. Earthworm populations begin returning aiding in aeration, water penetration, and organic recycling.

Where once there was an unsightly scar new grass is thriving, as the grass naturally overgrows your Necrotic Ring damaged turf. This regenerating biosphere is also being well fertilized with the organic fertilizer.

You are now experiencing one of the benefits of a "BioVam® Grown" lawn!

Regarding BioVam's viability, quality and packaged quantity:

We guarantee the viability, quality and packaged quantity of our products.  It is highly probable that superior responses in plant growth, health and yield will occur from their use.  Due to the variability of soils and conditions found in various locations and their affects on plant and soil responsiveness to our products, we cannot guarantee all these benefits will occur in all locations and situations.  BioVam®'s viability is guaranteed for one year from date of shipping from the manufacture, B. Probiotics.
T & J Enterprises
International Distributor

BioVam® Mycorrhiza
2328 W. Providence Ave.
Spokane, Washington 99205

* These are ®-registered trademarks of their respective companies and are not in any way associated with
T & J Enterprises or responsible for the content of this document.


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