The following improvements are noted:
Larger Leaf Sizes.
Darker Green Leaves.
Thicker skins and larger fruit.
Thicker xylem and phloem tissues.
Larger xylem tubes with more water and mineral content.
All the above equate to higher yields of quality fruit.
This is a good illustration BioVam Mycorrhiza can be applied any time of the year as long as the ground is not frozen. In this experiment, we observed a number of health improvements which are typical in plants we have treated with BioVam Mycorrhiza. The leaves are larger and greener (more chlorophyll) and produce more nutrients. There are larger and more numerous phloem sieve tubes to handle the nutrient flow from the larger leaves. Skins are thicker on the fruit and all the other tissues of the tree which protect the tree from diseases. There are larger and more numerous xylem vessels in the cambium layer to carry water and minerals up from the roots. The tree below is an old apple tree that had been diminishing in its productivity. BioVam , working in the root system of this tree, has quickly changed the situation from the fall of 1998 to late spring of 1999.
This is a preliminary look at results we have gotten by applying BioVam Mycorrhiza to a Lodi Apple tree located in Spokane Washington. We applied the BioVam 12-05-98 and took the microscopic pictures on 6-19-99. We will be adding more to this series as the fruit matures.
Click on pictures to enlarge.
The microscopic pictures below were taken at 200x on 6-19-99.
This Lodi Apple tree was treated with BioVam Mycorrhiza on 12-05-98. 1 teaspoon of BioVam was put into holes punched into the soil every foot around the drip line of this tree. (Treated tree above.)
This is a picture of the untreated tree.
Treated tree plant leaves on the left, untreated plant leaves on the right.
Larger leaves are from treated tree, in first and third columns.
Leaf on left is from the treated tree.
In the pictures above, the large leaves are going to produce a higher volume of nutrients, which are going to flow into the fruit, which will be of much higher quality than in the untreated tree.
These pictures are cross sections of fruit taken from a Lodi Apple tree. The picture on top is from a tree treated with BioVam Mycorrhiza. The picture on the bottom is from an untreated Lodi Apple tree. The skin of the fruit from the treated tree is smooth and has a consistent thickness to it. The skin from the untreated tree is thinner and irregular and is more susceptible to being penetrated by pests and diseases.
The picture above is a cross section of a twig taken from a treated Lodi Apple tree. The Phloem (P) sieve tubes are more numerous and are larger in the treated Apple tree. When this characteristic is combined with larger leaves then the fruit will do quite well. This plant will have a higher flow of nutrients from the leaves into the fruit.
The picture above is a cross section of a twig taken from an untreated Lodi Apple tree. The Phloem (P) sieve tubes are less numerous and are smaller in this plant than the treated plant above. The leaves in this plant are also smaller than those of the treated plant. The bark layers of this plant are thinner and more irregular than in the treated plant above.
The picture above is from a treated Lodi Apple tree stem cross section and shows the tiny xylem vessels in the cambium layer. The xylem vessels in this treated Apple tree are slightly larger in size and it appears there are more of them. The xylem vessels carry water and minerals from the roots of the tree into the plant. After 8 days, the leaves on the sample limb were still pliable from the treated tree, but were all dried out from the untreated tree. The plant can hold more water and thus can resist drought better than untreated plants.
The picture above is from an untreated Lodi Apple tree stem cross section and shows the tiny xylem vessels in the xylem layer.
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